Our Coffee Process

Red and Ripe cherries
Farmer instructing pickers
Coffee picker
Coffee picker
coffee picker to weight
on the way to weight
on the way to weight
weighting cherries
pesaje cafe finca
cherries ready for pulping process
before pulping
Pulping process
brix Level-sugar level
washing channel
Parchment coffee
Moisture % in drying
evenly moved
parchment dried
parchment for thresing

We start from Seedbeds where  Coffee is grown from  fresh selected seeds in different varieties from plants with good productivity with  low or no incidence of rust and good cup quality, Coffee seed that is used for planting is actually parchment where the parchment hull still in place.

During the Nursery step It takes 3  months to get the "chapola"  ready to be transferred to a poly  bag , it needs to be well followed during the next 5 months  to be transplanted to the soil and  it takes 2 years to produce the first harvest.

We wait for Coffee trees ready to be harvested with a bright red and ripe cherries for specialty coffees, we work our coffees in washed, honey and natural processes, each one of them develops a different cup profile, then Coffee farmer instructs pickers to pick only red and ripe cherries  and assign areas for picking depending on ripeness level. The crop is picked by hand in a intensive labor and difficult process due the high and inclination of the mountains.

Pickers -women & man- normally start working at 6 am to 6 pm  rain or shine with an hour lunch time at the farm. Picking mature cherries need more dedication  from the pickers getting less amount in kilos but more income when it is picked for specialty coffees, when cherries are picked for inexpensive coffees amount in kilos  is higher but income is lower for pickers and farmers.

Twice a day pickers go up or down the hill on the  way to the weighing facility at the farm, each sack of cherries weights approximately 80 kgs, Pickers rotate among the trees every 10 days to get more cherries at the peak of ripeness, this type of work is more costly since we are looking to harvest the finest Arabica beans.

Pickers are paid based on kilos picked during the day, amount is determined by picker's efficiency an efficient picker can collect 100 kg of cherries per day in a good harvest an average picker between 70-72 kg.

During the Post-harvest the  Coffee cherries are ready for pulping process  as soon as is harvested to prevent fruit spoilage going them  direct to the tanks for washing and fermentation​, normally using the wet method where  the cherries are passed through a pulping machine that removes the pulp from the coffee cherry so the bean is dried with only the parchment skin left on. Then cherries are selected through the  water channel by weight where lighter beans float to the top and the heavier ripe beans sink to the bottom during the pulping process on the other side of the pulping machine we get the skin  and it is used as organic fertilizer in the same lands or industry is giving other usages as  for dry infusions for example known as "cascara".

After the separation the beans go to a large water tank to fermentate, those beans will be in the tank between 12 to 48 hours  to remove the mucilage that is part of the parchment, Brix level (sugar level) in the bean  is measured during the process with a refractometer.

Moving the beans in the tank make part of the process to remove the slick layer of mucilage, when fermentation is completed the beans still feel rough to the touch then they are rinsed going to an additional water channel. As  wet method is most used  then after the pulping and fermentation the beans have to be dried  to get between 10 to 12% moisture  then it would be the right point to be stored.

To get the right point of drying  it is sun-dried and needs to be spread and moved evenly on the floors to avoid mold. In Colombia driers  called " truck type" are the most commonly used which are raised  having also vents spaces to have the right air flow, during this step, moisture is measured with a Moisture Meter to reach the right %.

After Parchment coffee is well dried then is ready for storage in yute sacks, then go to threshing plants where a hulling machine removes the parchment shell passing also by a size classification and  also color flaws and imperfections are taken apart, in Colombia the process of selection is done mechanically but also by hand to ensure the finest quality coffee beans.

Green coffee for export is packed in GrainPro bags and yute Sacks to guarantee the quality of the beans,  specially when  coffee will be in a long transit time to the final destination.

Green coffee ready  for loading to be exported to USA or Europe and Asia, then we receive it in our coffee shop where we start the roasting process to have it ready for our drinks and bags.

Established in 2016

© 2020 La Meca Growers & Roasters